FINA

The International Swimming Federation (French: Fédération Internationale de Natation) (FINA) is the International Federation (IF) recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for administering international competition in aquatic sports. It is one of several IFs which administer a given sport/discipline for the IOC and/or international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.
FINA currently oversees competition in five aquatics sports: swimming, diving, synchronized swimming, water polo and open water swimming.

HISTORY OF FINA

FINA was founded on July 19, 1908 in the Manchester Hotel in London, UK at the end of the 1908 Summer Olympics by the Belgian, British, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian and Swedish Swimming Federations.

 

Year NUMBER OF NATIONAL FEDERATIONS
1908 8
1928 38
1958 75
1978 106
1988 109
2000 174
2008 197
2010 203
2014 204

 

Continent Number of FINA members Name Acronym
Africa 51 African Swimming Confederation CANA
Asia 44 Asian Amateur Swimming Federation AASF
Europe 51 European Swimming League LEN
Oceania 16 Oceania Swimming Association OSA
Americas 42 Swimming Union of the Americas ASUA

Organization:

  • The FINA membership meets every two years, usually coinciding with the World Championships.
  • There are two types of normal or “ordinary” congress: General and Technical.
  • FINA’s highest authority is the General Congress.
  • Any technical issues concerning FINA’s five aquatic disciplines are decided by the Technical Congress. Each Congress has two voting members from each Member federation, plus the following non-voting members: the 22 members of the Bureau, the Honorary Life President, and all Honorary Members.
  • The Technical Congress has the following additional non-voting members: all members from the respective Technical Committees.
  • “Extraordinary” Congress are also called from time to time, to deal with a specific topic or area of concern.
  • All Congress meetings are chaired by FINA’s president.
  • Between Congress meetings of the entire membership, a smaller 22-member representative board, called the FINA Bureau, meets to act in a timely manner on items which cannot wait until the entire body can meet. It is the Bureau that elects the FINA Executive Officers.

Various Committees and Commissions also help with the oversight of individual disciplines (e.g. the Technical Open Water Swimming Committee helps with Open Water), or topic-related issues (e.g. the FINA Doping Panel).

Presidents:

Each Presidential term is four years, beginning and concluding with the year following the Summer Olympics.

Name Country Term
George Hearn Great Britain 1908 – 1924
Erik Bergvall Sweden 1924 – 1928
Émile-Georges Drigny France 1928 – 1932
Walther Binner Germany 1932 – 1936
Harold Fern Great Britain 1936 – 1948
Rene de Raeve Belgium 1948 – 1952
M.L. Negri Argentina 1952 – 1956
Jan de Vries Netherlands 1956 – 1960
Max Ritter Germany 1960 – 1964
William Berge Phillips Australia 1964 – 1968
Javier Ostos Mora Mexico 1968 – 1972
Dr. Harold Henning United States 1972 – 1976
Javier Ostos Mora Mexico 1976 – 1980
Ante Lambasa Yugoslavia 1980 – 1984
Robert Helmick United States 1984 – 1988
Mustapha Larfaoui Algeria 1988 – 2009
Dr. Julio Maglione Uruguay 2009 –

Events & Committees:

FINA organizes one championship involving each of the five disciplines it oversees (the “World Championships”), as well championships and circuits in each of the disciplines.

Committee Year Name of Canadian Representative Position
TECHNICAL WATER POLO COMMITTEE 2013 – 2017 WILLIAM SHAW MEMBER
TECHNICAL SYCHRONISED SWIMMING COMMITTEE 2013 – 2017 LISA SCHOTT MEMBER
TECHNICAL DIVING COMMITTEE 2013 – 2017 KATHY SEAMAN CHAIR
MASTERS COMMITTEE 2013 – 2017 ED EVELLY CHAIR
SPORTS MEDICINE COMMITTEE 2013 – 2017 DR. SAUL MARKS HONORARY SECRETARY
DOPING CONTROL REVIEW BOARD 2013 – 2017 DR. ANDREW PIPE CHAIR
FINA BUREAU 2013 – 2017 DR. MARGO MOUNTJOY MEMBER
COACHES COMMITTEE 2013 – 2017 MICHEL LAROUCHE MEMBER

World Championships:

The biggest FINA event is the biennial World Championships, currently held every odd year. It features competitions in all five aquatic disciplines. Prior to 2000, the event was held every 4 years, in the even year between (summer) Olympic Games.

World Championship Dates, Locations & Medal Count (click here for pdf)

Discipline Championships

  • Swimming: World Swimming Championships (25m), (aka “Short Course Worlds”). Bi-annual event (in even years), swum in 25-meter length pool (Olympic and World Championships are in a 50m pool).
  • Water Polo: Water Polo World Leagues (men’s and women’s).
  • Diving: Diving World Series
  • Open Water: World Open Water Swimming Championships (aka “Open Water Worlds”). Even years from 2000-2010.
  • Synchronized Swimming: Synchro World Cup.
  • Masters: World Masters Championships (aka “Masters Worlds”). Bi-annual, in even years. “Masters” competition is for adults (20 years old and up). This championships features all 5 disciplines.

Other events:

In addition to the Championships events listed above, FINA also organizes the following annual events, and sub-championships:

  • World Cups: in swimming, water polo (men’s, women’s), diving, open water (10Ks) and synchro.
  • Grand Prix: Annual race/competition series of multiple events in open water (races over 10-kilometers).
  • Junior Worlds: A world-level championships restricted to a younger age population (typically under-18, though can vary by discipline/gender). Held in swimming, water polo, diving, and synchronized swimming.  Open Water is to begin in 2012.
  • World Men’s Water Polo Development Trophy

For more information go towww.fina.org