Multi-Sport Organizations

A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports between organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance was the modern Olympic Games.

Many regional multi-sport events have since been founded and modeled after the Olympics. Most have the same basic structure. Games are held over the course of several days in and around a “host city,” which changes for each competition. Countries send national teams to each competition, consisting of individual athletes and teams that compete in a wide variety of sports. Athletes or teams are awarded gold, silver or bronze medals for first, second and third place respectively. The games are generally held every four years, though some are annual competitions.

Since the establishment of the Olympics, most serial multi-sport events have been organized for specific audiences and participating countries or communities. These affiliations include:

 

FUNCTION RATIONALE EXAMPLES
Regional Geographic representation Provincial Games; Canada Games; Pan Am Games
Political Historic roots Commonwealth Games
Jeux de la Francophonie
Age specific For communities of people who may fall outside of the prime competitive age group competing at an Olympic Games Commonwealth Youth Games
World Masters Games
Senior Olympics
Physical disabilities For communities of people with physical disabilities or competition for athletes with intellectual disabilities. Paralympics
Special Olympics

For more information go to:
Canadian Olympic Committee – www.olympic.ca
Pan Am Games – http://www.toronto2015.org
Paralympics – http://www.paralympic.ca
Canada Games – http://www.canadagames.ca
Commonwealth Games – http://www.commonwealthgames.ca
Jeux de Francphonie – http://www.jeuxfc.ca